Nowadays consumers no longer like food solely for its taste and providing nutritional needs, but also for their ability to provide physiological benefits. That is why ferments like probiotics and prebiotics, which being proved to enhance overall health, are used in producing functional food and beverages widely today. Human colon contains many different bacteria, however not all of them are pathogenic. There are also live, health-promoting nonpathogenic bacteria called probiotics and other non-digestible food ingredients called prebiotics. Nowadays consumers no longer like food solely for its taste and providing nutritional needs, but also for their ability to provide physiological benefits. That is why ferments like probiotics and prebiotics, which being proved to enhance overall health, are used in producing functional food and beverages widely today. Human colon contains many different bacteria, however not all of them are pathogenic. There are also live, health-promoting nonpathogenic bacteria called probiotics and other non-digestible food ingredients called prebiotics.